Glaucoma is a disease of the eye that, without treatment and early detection by your eye doctor, can lead to progressive damage to the optic nerve causing irreversible blindness or loss of vision. Glaucoma is characterized by a loss of nerve tissue that occurs when pressure builds up on the eye.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition that affects the macula of the eye as people grow older. The macula helps individuals with central vision, allowing them to see detailed images in the middle of the field of vision. AMD slowly destroys the central part of the visual field and occurs along with damage to the retina.
Patients suffering dry eyes experience an inadequate amount of tear film on eyes. Patients who experience chronic dry eyes may be diagnosed with keratoconjunctivitis sicca, an eye disease characterized by dry eyes. It is also referred to as dry eye syndrome or chronic dry eye disease.
Diabetic eye disease is a leading cause of blindness among working adults in the United States, but with early detection and progressive treatment, diabetic eye disease can be controlled. If you or someone you know has diabetes, consult your primary eye care doctor who may recommend dilated eye exams at least once a year.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a chronic condition that can cause damage to your vision if it is left untreated. Hypertension can cause circulation problems and damage to the retina, the area of the eye that focuses images, resulting in a condition called hypertensive retinopathy.
Certain medications may increase the risk of certain eye problems and being proactive in informing your doctor of the details surrounding your medication could be the difference between avoiding damage to the eye and suffering vision loss. Consult your doctors about any concerns.
According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, 55% of people with MS experience optic neuritis, or inflammation of the optic nerve. The optic nerve transmits light and visual images to the brain and is responsible for vision. While optic neuritis is very often the first sign of MS, it should not be an indicator that a person has or will have the disease.
Blepharitis is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the eyelids caused by an overgrowth of normal bacteria living along the lid and the base of the eyelashes. Anyone can get blepharitis at any age, but the prevalence increases with age, since as we get older, we make fewer natural antibodies in our tears.