Vertigo, Dizziness and Binocular Vision Dysfunction

The feelings of dizziness and nausea are very difficult symptoms which can make daily tasks very difficult. The feeling of the world spinning around you is another very unpleasant symptom.  These feelings and symptoms are often confused without a proper diagnosis from a Health Care Professional. Below are some helpful information about the very different causes of dizziness, vertigo, balance disorders, etc. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please give Dr. David Blair a call.

What is Vertigo?

Vertigo is a type of dizziness that gives people the false impression that their surroundings are spinning. Vertigo is usually accompanied by nausea and a loss of balance and could last for a couple of minutes or hours and days.


There are two types of Vertigo,  Peripheral Vertigo and Central Vertigo.

Peripheral vertigo is due to a problem in the part of the inner ear that controls balance. Peripheral Vertigo is the most common type of Vertigo.

The most common causes of the inner ear trouble that leads to peripheral vertigo are:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) – This is a condition that causes small crystals to get loose and float in the fluid of your inner ear. The movement of the fluid and the crystal can make patients dizzy.
  • Vestibular neuronitis – This is a severe dizziness that is sudden and may last for several weeks. Researchers believe that this may be caused by an infection or virus.
  • Meniere’s disease – Meniere’s disease is condition that combines symptoms of dizziness with occasional hearing loss.

Other conditions of the inner ear that may lead to Vertigo include the following:

Central vertigo is due to a problem in the brain, usually in the brain stem or the back part of the brain (cerebellum).

Causes of Central Vertigo may include the following:

  • Stroke
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Tumor
  • Migraine
  • Partial Seizure
  • Infection
  • Possibly drug induced
  • Neurodegenerative Disease

What is binocular vision dysfunction?

This disorder occurs when the eyes are misaligned, which can lead to a variety of symptoms. This can include dizziness, headache, light sensitivity, motion sickness, and anxiety in large spaces with tall ceilings. Patients may be misdiagnosed with having migraine disorder, sinus headache, or vertigo.

Symptoms include:

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety, especially in open spaces or when driving
  • Head tilt
  • Uneven lines on the forehead-from head tilt
  • Neck and Shoulder discomfort
  • Blurred Vision
  • Double Vision
  • Poor depth perception
  • Sensitivity to bright light
  • Unsteadiness when walking
  • Problems with reading – words running together.


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